In 1975, Australia passed a no-fault divorce with the passage of the Family Law Act in 1975. The only reason for the divorce is an irretrievable breakdown of the marriage, as evidenced by a 12-month separation. However, a residual „error“ remains with respect to child custody and property colonization. Separation agreements offer a number of enormous benefits for the separation or divorce of couples: a separation agreement may also mean that some parties are merged into the divorce judgment, but other parties survive the divorce decision. However, it is common practice that the entire separation agreement is not merged into the divorce judgment, but has survived the divorce decision and can therefore be applied separately. Some provisions of the old debt-based system are maintained. In particular, the separation period required before a formal divorce may be shortened if „the continuation of the marriage would be unreasonable hardship to the applicant for reasons found in the person of the other spouse.“ While no fault is formally required on the part of the spouse, this rule is generally applied in practice when the spouse acts irresponsibly, for example if he is violent or threatens his partner.  At the American Bar Association`s winter meeting in Houston in 1974, members of the Family Law Division Council showed dissatisfaction with the public image the section received from its opposition to the NCCUSL`s Marriage and Divorce Act project. In a statement of principle, the ABA-Family Law Section chose to „recognize separation only as conclusive evidence of a marital breakdown and not as its irreducible test,“ implying that „other types of evidence would also be admissible to establish a breakdown.“  In the states of Wisconsin, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Nebraska, Montana, Missouri, Minnesota, Michigan, Kentucky, Kansas, Iowa, Indiana, Hawaii, Florida, Colorado and California, a person seeking divorce is not allowed to accuse a ground based on errors (e.g.B. adultery, abandonment or cruelty).  Separation agreements can be used to resolve a number of issues arising from the dissolution of a marriage. However, many child care and assistance provisions, which are often requested or included in separation agreements, are effectively unenforceable under Virginia legislation.
For more information, please see the non-enforceable deposit and support conditions in the separation agreements. The difficulty of terminating separation agreements in Virginia was returned home by a series of Court of Appeal decisions. In one case, the Virginia Court of Appeals upheld the enforceability of a separation agreement that provided for a monthly marriage allowance of $US 10,000 for a woman whose husband (now ex) was $12,000 per month. In repealing the Court`s decision quashing the agreement, the Court of Appeal found that there was no undue influence, although the husband signed the agreement as a precondition for reconciliation. In addition, the Court of Appeal stated that the separation agreement was not unacceptable, while the husband earned only $12,000 per month because he could earn more money.